10 Facts About Cuba That You Didn’t Know

Cuba is the largest Caribbean island, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. It is located 145km (90 miles) south of Key West, Florida, between the Cayman Islands and the Bahamas, to the west of Haiti, east of Mexico and northwest of Jamaica.

10 – Cuba is also called El Caiman or El Cocodrilo (Spanish for alligator), which is what the island looks like from an aerial view. It consists of the island of Cuba, Isla de la Juventud (Isle of Youth), and several minor archipelagos. There are unique crocodile species on the island called the “Cuban crocodile,” that can be found nowhere else in the World.

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9 – March 12, 1857, was the only time it has ever snowed in Cuba. That was an extremely unexpected and surprising phenomenon. It took place in Cárdenas, to the North of the island. For a tropical country, with the warm and humid weather year round, snow is the most unusual event you can ever imagine. However, it never snowed again, but the mercury dropped dramatically to 35.9 F (1.9 C) in 2010 in Matanzas, located right next to Cárdenas.

8 – Cuba obtains the highest doctor to patient ratio in the entire world! It has also ranked in the top 2 for physicians. Cubans may be low on the basic goods, press freedoms, and smartphones, but they’ve got world-renowned health care.

7- Christopher Columbus came on Cuba’s northeastern coast on October 28, 1492, near what is now Barry in the Holguin province. Columbus named the island the new Kingdom of Spain.

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6 – Up until 2008, it was completely illegal for Cubans to use computers. In fact, they could only use them in the offices with a proper permit. Internet activity is under the strict control until today. Emails and web pages are monitored, and some of them are banned altogether. So, only 5% of Cubans have access to the uncensored, open Internet today.

5 – The only cars that Cuban citizens can own legally are those which were made and bought before 1959. After this year, the Cuban government seized all of the cars and owns them all to this day. Most of the pre-1959 cars in Cuba are from the United States.

4 – In Cuba, the profession of ballet dancers is the most popular due to the high salary and large popularity. In fact, ballet has an immense popularity in the country; it is just as popular as baseball. Moreover, ballet dancers often earn more money than doctors.

3 – Cuba is the birthplace of such world famous dance styles as the Bolero, Mambo and Cha Cha. Each has its own ancestry and cultural importance. Son is a major genre of Cuban music. Cuba possesses a privileged place in Latin America on the dance.

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2 – A drink of rum and coke and lime is called a “Cuba Libre” everywhere in the World. Everywhere except Cuba. In this country, it’s called a “mentality,” literally a “little lie” in many exile enclaves, meant as a commentary on the revolution.

1 – Found in Cuba, the Manjuari is a fish not found anywhere else in the world. Moreover, Cuba is the natural habitat of the bee hummingbird, the smallest bird in the world.

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